Monday, September 7, 2009

You're just a little girl with gray

Gray foals may be born any color. This is because gray is not a true color but rather a depigmentation gene. They are usually born bay, chestnut, or black. As the horse gets older, white hairs begin to replace the base or birth color. White hairs are first seen on the muzzle, around the eyes, at the dock of the tail, or under the belly, occasionally at birth, but usually by the age of one year. Over time, white hairs replace the birth color and the horse changes to either a rose gray, salt and pepper/iron/steel gray, or dapple gray. As the horse gets older, the coat continues to lighten until it turns pure "white" or fleabitten. All the many variations of gray coloring in horses are simply the intermediate steps that a horse goes through while graying out from their birth color. The difference between white and gray is skin color. White horses have pink skin whereas grays have black skin except for the white markings on their legs and faces. Also, white horses are born white and never change color. A gray horse changes color all it's life.

From wikipedia: The gray gene (G) is an autosomal dominant gene. In simple terms, a horse which has even one copy of the gray allele, even if it has a gene for another coloring, will always become gray. If a gray horse is homozygous (GG), meaning that it has a gray allele from both parents, it will always produce gray offspring. However, if a gray horse is heterozygous (Gg), meaning it inherits one copy of the recessive gene (g), that animal may produce offspring who are not gray (depending on what color gene an offspring inherits from its other parent). Conversely, a gray horse must have at least one gray parent. Genetic testing is now possible to determine whether a horse is homozygous or heterozygous for gray, or if it does not carry the gene at all. The gray gene does not affect skin or eye color, so grays typically have dark skin and eyes, as opposed to the unpigmented pink skin of white horses.
In 2008, researchers at Uppsala University in Sweden identified the genetic mutation that governs the graying process. The study also revealed that gray horses carry an identical mutation that can be traced back to a common ancestor that lived thousands of years ago. The discovery that gray can be linked to a single animal provides an example of how humans have "cherry-picked" attractive mutations in domestic animals. Gray is controlled by a single dominant allele of a gene that regulates specific kinds of stem cells.

The identification of the gray mutation is also of great interest in of medical research since this mutation also enhances the risk for melanoma in horses; About 75% of grey horses over 15 years of age have a benign form of melanoma that in some cases develops into a malignant melanoma. The study of gray genetics has pointed to a molecular pathway that may lead to tumour development. Both STX17 and the neighboring NR4A3 gene are overexpressed in melanomas from gray horses, and those carrying a loss-of-function mutation in ASIP (agouti signaling protein) had a higher incidence of melanoma, implying that increased melanocortin-1 receptor signaling promotes melanoma development in Gray horses.

Today, about one horse in 10 carries the mutation for graying with age. The vast majority of Lipizzaners are gray, as are the majority of Andalusian horses. Many breeds of French draft horse such as the Percheron and Boulonnais are often gray as well. Gray is also found among Welsh Ponies, Thoroughbreds, and American Quarter Horses. All of these breeds have common ancestry in the Arabian horse. In particular, all gray Thoroughbreds descend from a horse named Alcock's Arabian, a gray born in 1700. The gray coat color makes up about 3% of Thoroughbreds.

This is Annie when I first got her. She was four years old and already gray.

(Aw, look at that tail! Her poor tail is nonexistent nowadays!)

This is Annie now. Please excuse the "baby" belly. lol!This is Shahreen, a 17 year old half Arabian. She was flea bitten when I owned her. Her base coat was golden, like a palomino and I was told that she had two palomino foals. I believe the stud was a chestnut. This was Shannon, a dapple gray Thoroughbred. She was 5 in this photo. By the time I sold her at 8, her mane and tail were already graying and her body was a lighter dapple color. I am sure she would turn mostly "white" when she got older.

Here's Nadia. I believe she was a dapple gray in her youth like Shannon. Nadia is 26 now.
Since her mother is a gray, Yalla! has a 50% chance of having the G gene which means she will turn gray. She also has a 50% chance of not having the G gene because her father is dark. Since Yalla! was born dun color rather than dark,

and is now darkening up with no visible white hairs coming in, I believe she will be a dark brown or black bay like her father.

Of course, I could be wrong! Only time will tell.

You're just a little girl with gray - song: What in the World, artist: David Bowie, album: Low

11 comments:

Gail said...

Now's that a horse of another color!!

fernvalley01 said...

The old saying "a good horse is never a bad color "comes to mind.That said,I am partial to bays and chestnuts. She will be lovely ,and loved whatever the color

lytha said...

thanks for posting this information.

when i was a little girl, i wanted a white horse with a black mane and tail, cuz i had never seen one.

when i got baasha, he was registered a "bay grey", which i am pretty sure is a made up color. but he was steel grey with a black mane and tail, 4 white socks, and a star. he took forever to grey out. he looked like annie in those 4 year old pics when he was 10. so, as he became lighter and ligher, and his mane stayed dark, with a two tone tail (annie's), i pretty much had my dream horse!

there is something classic about a grey arabian, so i am happy about his color, even though right now he is a pinto with manure spots and dark green grass flecks that are invisible on dark horses.

i often regret his color, but there is something classic about a grey arabian, huh?

°lytha

lytha said...

oh, i forgot to mention, that in church sunday, a man got up to leave and told his daughter, 'yalla'. i asked, "is that your name?" and she laughed, no, she said, it's arabic for "let's go!"

heeheee, that doesn't happen very often in germany...

°lytha

Sydney said...

Unless you got Annie tested it's hard to say if she has a GG phenotype or a Gg phenotype. See having a GG means 100% chance her babies will turn grey. However having a Gg phenotype means theres a 50% chance she will inherit the dominant G gene and be grey and a 50% chance she will get the recessive g gene and pass it on to future foals (that is if yalla ever has any).

Dan and Betty Cooksey said...

No matter what color, she'll be a good horse -- you'll make sure of that.

Dan

The Wades said...

You people sure are smart! I'm so bad--I can't even tell if horses are gray or red or brown??!!! Horse colors are so confusing to me. Yalla! is a little beauty.

Andrea said...

Gray is such a hard color to determine on foals. Yalla is so super cute, gray or dark bay!! She is turning really dark!! My filly shed out twice as a foal and turned all sorts of funky colors!! It's fun to see what they turn out as!!

dibear said...

Yalla is just lovely. So alert too. I will enjoy watching her grow up. :)

dibear said...

Yalla is just lovely. So alert too. I will enjoy watching her grow up. :)

Fantastyk Voyager said...

Thanks everyone for the compliments on Yalla! I would love her even if she was orange!

Sydney- wouldn't Annie be Gg since her father was a bay from a line of bays and her mother was a gray from a line of grays?

Yalla! SEEMS to be turning dark all over rather than graying out. I'll just enjoy my little dark horse of the moment and see what happens when she sheds out in the spring.